When it comes to diagnosing diseases, doctors have their work cut out for them ascertaining the root of an issue. Whether via blood tests, urine samples or CT scans, it’s often hard to be entirely sure which specific ailment the patient needs treatment for, let alone what that treatment will be.
However, one autoimmune disease which causes anything from swollen joints to hair loss is called Lupus. Listed below are signs and symptoms that indicate you may have the disease…
1. Achy Joints
This pain is also called arthralgia, not to be confused with arthritis. Arthralgia is the pain that sometimes accompanies arthritis. So if you feel this type of pain but do not have arthritis, is may be lupus.
2. Unexplained Fever
This symptom is dangerous because if you have it you probably aren’t thinking that it’s lupus. Nonetheless, a fever of more than 100 degrees is a common sign of the disease.
3. Swollen Joints
Another joint-associated symptom is swollen joints. The swelling may not be painful, so it doesn’t exactly fall under arthralgia. This swelling is also known as arthritis and can in severe cases be painful, but not always.
4. Prolonged Fatigue
Extended exhaustion is common among lupus sufferers. If long after exercising you find yourself unable to recover, remaining utterly exhausted, it could be a sign that lupus is affecting your body.
5. Skin Rash
Random rashes around your body can be indications of lupus. These rashes can also be associated with other conditions, such as eczema, so if you are being treated for such a symptom, ask your doctor about lupus as well.
6. Ankle Swelling
Sometimes the swelling condition brought on by lupus will concentrate itself in the ankles. Sufferers may readily dismiss this symptom if, say, they stand all day long or just went on long-distance run. If you experience swollen ankles when you shouldn’t be, consider talking with a doctor about lupus.
7. Pain in chest
Chest pain is another dangerous condition because it can mean many things. One of those things is lupus, which, as you’ll notice, can affect many parts of the body and every sufferer differently. Chest pain is never something to ignore, and lupus can be added along with everything else that can cause it.
8. Cheek And Nose Rash
Lupus is an inflammatory disease so rashes are common symptoms. We covered general skin rashes above, which can mean many things along with lupus. But this distinct ‘butterfly’ rash across the nose and cheeks is n accurate indication of lupus.
9. Hair Loss
Losing your hair can be a stressful thing, but it can mean more than just aging. Even women with lupus can experience hair loss. Luckily, once lupus is treated it is normal for the hair to return.
10. Sensitivity To Sun
This may sound a bit awkward, and the symptom is no doubt a complex one. This sensitivity can manifest itself as some of the previously mentioned symptoms like swelling and rash. This sensitivity is a highly accurate indicator of lupus, so take it very seriously!
Around 60 percent of lupus sufferers reportedly experience seizures – the disease is closely tied to the symptom. They are known to happen very early in the onset of the disease. If your doctor doesn’t mention lupus, you may want to ask about it if you experience a seizure.
12. Mouth Sores
This is a common symptom of lupus and occurs in between 40-50 percent of sufferers. These sores are also commonly called ulcers. They appear on the top of the inside of the mouth in most cases.
13. Nose Sores
As it turns out, these ulcers can make their way up the sinuses, often occurring in the nose just like they do in the mouth. It is important not to mistake these ulcers from sores from herpes and other conditions. If they appear, ask you doctor about them.
14. Pale Fingers And Toes
White or pale fingers and toes are a sign that the blood vessels and nerves in those areas are experiencing inflammation. Stress and cold temperatures can cause such inflammation, so if it’s cold where you are you may just think your hands are cold. but be wary, this is a common side effect of lupus.
15. Purple Fingers And Toes
Another side effect of such inflammation are colors like red and purple in the fingers and toes. These are just as serious as pale fingers and toes but at least you may not dismiss them as easily. When experiencing this inflammation it is also common to feel pain in these areas.
Headaches are a common symptom for many ailments, and those ailments vary in severity. Lupus-caused headaches are on the more severe side and should be taken seriously. These headaches can come as a result of inflammation but can also resemble migraines.
17. Facial Swelling And Weight Gain
Facial swelling is akin to the previously mentioned symptom of ankle swelling, only in the face rather than the feet. This blood-pressure-related swelling can be attributed to kidney issues, which, if affected by lupus, can also cause weight gain.
18. Bruising Easily
Lupus sometimes causes a deficiency in platelets in the blood, which results in easy bruising. Lupus sufferers often show symptoms during flare ups then do not see those symptoms during remission. Because of this, it’s important to monitor how easily you bruise when you notice it happening, even if it’s only once in while…
19. Nose Bleeds
Another side effect of low blood platelets, low red blood cells and low white blood cells is nose bleeds. This condition, sometimes caused by lupus, can result in anemia, which offers a few more complications. Be wary of random nose bleeds, they can indicate a few different things…
20. Shortness Of Breath
Our last symptom is shortness of breath. This is caused by inflammation of the pleura, which is the lining that surrounds the lungs. This inflammation applies pressure to the lungs, making it more difficult to breeth.